Brown or brown loss: what you need to know with or without pregnancy

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Brown or brown discharge is a common phenomenon among women, and one that can cause concern. It’s essential to understand the possible causes of this discharge and how it may be linked to pregnancy or other health problems.

What is brown discharge?

Brown discharge is dried blood mixed with vaginal secretions. It is generally lighter in color and has a different texture than normal menstrual periods. Brown discharge can occur before, during or after menstruation, as well as at any time during the menstrual cycle.

Why does brown or brown discharge occur?


One of the most common causes of brown discharge isovulation. When the egg is released, it can cause a slight rupture of the blood vessels around the follicle, resulting in brown discharge. This discharge generally occurs in the middle of the menstrual cycle and lasts only a few days.


Brown discharge can also be caused by irregular periods, or at the end of the period, when older blood is expelled from the body. In this case, the discharge is generally light and does not last long.

Hormonal contraception

hormonal contraceptives, such as the pill, patch or vaginal ring, can cause brown or brown discharge, particularly when used for the first time or when changing dosage. This is due to thickening of the uterine wall and slowing of blood flow to the uterus.


Brown or spotting may be a sign of pregnancy, especially if it occurs around the expected date of menstruation and is accompanied by other symptoms of pregnancy, such as nausea, breast pain or increased fatigue. In such cases, a pregnancy test is recommended to confirm the presence of pregnancy.

Infections and illnesses

Certain infections, such as vaginal infections or sexually transmitted infections (STIs), can cause brown or brown discharge. Pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis and uterine fibroids are also possible causes of this discharge. If you suspect infection or disease, consult a health professional.

What to do in the event of brown discharge?

If you notice brown or brown discharge, it’s important to consider the following factors:

  1. Timing of menstrual cycle: If the discharge occurs at the same time as ovulation or at the end of your period, it’s probably normal and harmless.
  2. Hormonal contraceptives: If you’re using a hormonal contraceptive, check whether the discharge is related to its use, and consult your doctor to adjust the dosage if necessary.
  3. Pregnancy: If you think you might be pregnant, take a pregnancy test and talk to a healthcare professional. Brown discharge can sometimes indicate a pregnancy problem, such as miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy.
  4. Infections and illnesses: If you suspect an infection or illness, consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

When should you consult a healthcare professional?

It is generally recommended to consult a healthcare professional in the following cases:

  • Brown or heavy discharge lasting more than a week.
  • The discharge is accompanied by abdominal pain, fever or general malaise.
  • Discharge is associated with a bad odor, which could indicate an infection.
  • Discharge occurs after unprotected sexual intercourse and could be a sign of an STI.
  • You’re pregnant and notice brown discharge.

In conclusion, brown or brown discharge is common in women and can have many causes, such as ovulation, menstruation, hormonal contraception, pregnancy or infections and diseases. So it’s important to be aware of these discharges, and to consult a health professional if necessary.

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